What are the different methods of sanitation available?
Traditionally, the women in India have known to be using the folded clothes as strips during their periods. These clothes are frequently washed, dried in the hot sun and can be reused again. In rural areas, it can be noticed that women still continue to use clothes during their periods, whereas in urban areas of India, the most predominantly used sanitation method is the sanitary napkins, since they are easy to be carried, used and disposed. The disposable sanitary napkins are made of different materials that help in absorbing the menstrual blood from the vagina. They can be used by sticking the sanitary napkin to the underwear. Different types, shapes and sizes of napkins are available in the market that one can choose according to their comfort.
Tampons are also increasingly in use, which are nothing but an absorbent material inserted into the vagina to work like a stopper. They are equally easier to be carried and to be used. Due to the myths surrounding the usage of tampons and the discomfort of inserting something into the vagina, the tampons are usually less preferred.
Of late, another sanitation method that has gained importance is the menstrual cup. The menstrual cup is an eco-friendly sanitation method when compared to the other methods like sanitary napkins and tampons. The menstrual cups are made of silicon material that is inserted into the vagina to collect the menstrual blood and not absorb them. Women can frequently (ideally once in four to six hours) remove the menstrual cup from their vagina, empty them and reuse it. On a periodical basis, the menstrual cups need to be sterilized by washing it in boiling water.