Do You Know!!! Spitting on Road Helps Spread STDs?
Do You Know!!! Spitting on Road Helps Spread STDs?: Before getting into the details of this article, let us get one thing straight; the diseases that are categorized as Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) does not mean that the transfer of infection from one person to another is only through the act of sex. Many have known that the infection may also be transferred from a pregnant mother to the child in the womb or through the shared usage of needles or syringes. But, the lesser known fact is that it can be transferred through other modes also. This entire article is focused on this aspect, especially how STDs are transferred through the act of spitting.
The Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) can be caused due to the contact of any body fluids between the affected person and a normal person. The body fluids can be anything: blood, semen (cum), pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. Whenever such body fluids of an infected person gets in touch with the mucous membrane, body fluids or damaged tissue of a normal person, the infection gets transferred. The mucous membranes are generally found in the mouth and the sexual organs. Since the major source of infection is through sexual activity, they are termed as STIs or STDs.
There are about 30 different infection germs, in which 8 of them are known to convert into STDs. Among the eight common types of STDs, Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia and Trichomoniasis are currently curable; if not treated, can lead to death, infertility, birth defects and miscarriages. Hepatitis B, Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV or herpes), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) are not curable, but the symptoms can be reduced. Women and children are more prone to the risk of STI/STD than men leading to permanent consequences.
Saliva is actually considered as an effective barrier against STI transmission. Hence, deep kissing between the affected person and normal person cannot transfer the infection. The huge protein and salt content will help in reduce the impact of infection, provided there is no blood content in the saliva of the infected person. But the hard fact is that most of the STIs cause sores in the mouth, lips and throats as an initial symptom. Due to this, there is a possibility that the saliva can contain blood shades in it.
In India, one can notice that there are many people who prefer or are forced to walk on the roads without wearing their footwear. Due to the road conditions or other factors, many might have faced wounds in their foot and toes, which obviously is an open cut in our body. When the STI infected person spits on the road, the blood in the saliva can come in contact with the wound of the normal person, thereby triggering the transfer of STIs. Globally, there are very minimal number of cases there was reported of STI transmission due to bloody saliva and open cuts. But in India, there is no specific reporting structure to understand the root cause of STIs and this probably could be one of the reasons for the increasing instances of STIs.
Though there is an anti-spitting law enacted in some of the states in India like Bihar, New Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, etc and various awareness drives conducted throughout India, it is not effectively enforced. The low priority from the government and the attitude of the general public lets the practice continue. Apart from the STIs, the spitting is also responsible for various other communicable diseases. Only awareness can help in reducing the instances of the public spitting.
The next time, we see someone spitting on the road, if not for others sake, please raise your voice for your own safety and health reasons. Let us take one step towards a safe and healthy India!!!