Explain in detail about Chlamydia, its Symptoms and Treatment
Chlamydia is one of the most common STDs identified in India. According to the report from Apollo hospitals, on a yearly basis, an average of one million cases is reported in India. It is caused by the bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis that is ovoid in shape and a non motile object. It can be cured using necessary medications, if detected in the early stage. However, if undiagnosed and not treated, it can lead to serious health illness, especially fertility issues in both men and women. The disease is most common among the teens and people in the age of 20s. People who are infected with Chlamydia do not show any symptoms, in the initial stage. At a later stage, infected persons might notice irritation while urinating. As the disease progresses, the infection affects the vagina, anus, penis, urethra, throat and also eyes.
Due to no symptoms, people affected with the infection are not even aware of their infection. Hence, there is a possibility of spreading it to another person through vaginal, anal & oral sex. Whenever a person touches the infected area through vagina, penis, anus, mouth or hands, the infection gets spread. Even touching the Chlamydia affected eyes of the person can help spreading the disease. Safe sex methods such as condoms or dental dams can help from preventing Chlamydia. It is also transferred to the baby of the pregnant woman, who is infected by it. However, the infection does not spread through casual contact with the affected person such as touching, hugging, kissing, coughing, sneezing, sharing food or clothing and using toilets.
According to the report from WHO in 2015, on a global level, about 4.2% of women and 2.7% of men are affected by Chlamydia. However, due to increased technological and medical advancements, the rate of death has been bought down to a great extent. Only 200 deaths were reported due to the infection in 2015.