The following are the list of child rights, defined as per the Indian Constitution. According to the 3 P’s (Provision, Protection and Participation) defined by the United Nations Convention on the Right of the Child (UNCRC), the rights are:

Right to Survival / Provision:

  • Right to be born
  • Right to minimum standards of food, shelter and clothing
  • Right to live with dignity
  • Right to health care, to safe drinking water, nutritious food, a clean and safe environment, and information to help them to stay healthy

Right to Protection:

  • Right to be protected from all sorts of violence
  • Right to be protected from neglect
  • Right to be protected from physical and sexual abuse
  • Right to be protected from dangerous drugs

Right to Participation:

  • Right to freedom of opinion
  • Right to freedom of expression
  • Right to freedom of association
  • Right to information
  • Right to participate in any decision making that involves him/her directly or indirectly

Apart from the 3Ps, there are child rights related to development, child custody and child abuse.

Right to Development:

  • Right to education
  • Right to learn
  • Right to relax and play
  • Right to all forms of development – emotional, mental and physical

Child Custody laws (The Guardians and Wards Act, 1890)

Child sexual abuse laws (The Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act)

Child abuse by parents

See Also: What is a child abuse

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