What are the different forms of child abuse?
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the child abuse can be categorised into four different types: physical abuse (physically assaulting the child causing injuries to the child), sexual abuse (exploiting the child for sexual activities), emotional or psychological abuse (subjecting the child to a specific behaviour, thereby resulting in psychological trauma) and child neglect (irresponsible behaviour of the parent or caretaker to meet the basic needs of the children).
There are several constitutional rights provided to the children for protecting them against any abuse. However, none of them are actually used for the benefit of the child. The patriarchal joint family systems in India assume that the children in such setup are the most protected people against any kind of abuse. But the truth is totally different; the senior members of the same family would be responsible for abusing the child, with or without the knowledge of other members in the family.
Irrespective of the type of child abuse, most of the abuses faced by the children are between the age group of 5 to 11 years. Especially the girl children face the most abuses for being born as a girl and the basic right being denied to her. Parents or the other caretakers are responsible for most of the abuses. With the increase internet and social media usage, the online abuses are also increasing in the rate.